Crossborder flows are hurting India
Posted by RV Raman
A look at a report published by Global Financial Integrity in Dec 2013 confirms the explosive growth of one aspect of white-collar crime in India – Illicit Financial Flows.
Global Financial Integrity defines illicit financial flows as “ … cross-border movement of money that is illegally earned, transferred, or utilized. These flows generally involve money earned through illegal activities such as corruption, transactions involving contraband goods, criminal activities and efforts to shelter wealth from a country’s tax authorities.”
The chart below illustrate the spread of this cancer:
Illicit financial flows from India have grown ten-fold in the nine years under consideration. When the GDP growth has been in single digits, these cross-border flows have grown at a CAGR of 30%.
In the last two years (2009-2011), it has grown at a whopping 297% – a tripling in two years.
An obvious question that comes up is whether this is a feature of developing countries, which have weaker controls and higher moral hazard.
Global Financial Integrity’s report suggests that most developing countries suffer from this malice. However, with a ten-fold increase, India beats China, Brazil, Mexico, Russia, and pretty much every developing country by a handsome margin, except South Africa. The rise in India has been five times that of China, ten times Mexico and three times Brazil.
It appears that we have also outpaced the rest of the developing world in this regard. Our share has more than tripled from 3.9% to 12.2%.
This is perhaps a testimony to how much our business & political environment has been eroded.
Source: Global Financial Integrity report ‘Illicit Financial Flows from Developing Countries: 2002-2011